The oral cavity comprises the mouth, the inside surfaces of the cheeks and lips, the lower and upper gums, the tongue’s anterior two-thirds, the area under the tongue, the little space behind the wisdom teeth, and the bony roof of the mouth. It receives salivary gland secretions and houses the teeth and tongue.
The oral cavity is enclosed by a roof, floor, and side walls and is located at the front of the face under the nasal cavities.
The oral cavity is divided into two sections:
The digestive process is mainly started in the mouth. It mixes the meal with saliva to absorb and break down the food before beginning the swallowing process.
The average capacity of a male oral cavity is 71.2 ml, compared to a female oral cavity’s 55.4 ml.
The mouth is crucial for early food and water absorption and digestion, speech production, and healthy breathing. To help with digestion, teeth, which make up the bulk of the structures in the mouth cavity, crush and break food into little pieces.
The lining mucosa (cheeks, lips, the floor of the mouth, alveolar mucosal surface, inferior surface, masticatory mucosa (hard palate and gingiva), and the specialized mucosa (back of the tongue) cover the mouth proper.
Oral cavity regions correspond to the codes used to identify the dental service rendered.